Wellness & Nutrition

The Mighty Vitamin B9: Unveiling Its Impact on Mental Health, Heart Health, Athletic Performance, and More


Vitamin B9, also known as folic acid or folate, is a powerhouse nutrient that plays a pivotal role in various aspects of our health. From mental well-being to heart health, athletic performance to preventing deficiency-related issues, Vitamin B9’s influence is far-reaching and fascinating. In this blog, we delve into the intriguing connections between Vitamin B9 and these diverse facets of health.


Folate and Mental Health 

Research is shedding light on the profound link between Vitamin B9 and mental well-being. Folate is a key player in neurotransmitter synthesis, impacting mood regulation and cognitive function. Low folate levels have been associated with depression, anxiety, and other mental health disorders (Young, 2007). Considering this, ensuring an adequate intake of folate through diet and supplements can contribute to a healthier mind. So, while on the topic of diet, foods that are naturally rich in Vitamin B9 include leafy greens, legumes, and citrus fruits. Get inspired and try one of these recipes next time you get in the kitchen to ensure high folate intake:


Pregnancy and Folate – The Importance of Vitamin B9 Especially for Pregnant Mothers

Expectant mothers, take note! Vitamin B9 is a critical nutrient during pregnancy. It plays a vital role in preventing neural tube defects in developing foetuses, ensuring proper spinal cord and brain formation (Watson, 2022). Incorporating folate-rich foods or prenatal supplements is essential for the optimal development of your baby’s nervous system.


Folate and Heart Health

Your heart will thank you for prioritising folate. This vitamin helps lower homocysteine levels, an amino acid associated with an increased risk of heart disease when elevated (Clarke, 1998). By reducing homocysteine, folate contributes to a healthier cardiovascular system, making it an ally in the fight against heart-related issues.


Folate and Athletic Performance

Athletes, listen up! Vitamin B9 isn’t vital just for pregnant women; it’s also for you. Folate plays a crucial role in energy production, oxygen transport, and muscle growth. These factors directly impact your athletic performance. By meeting your folate requirements, you’re giving your body the tools it needs to excel in your chosen sport. On another note, high performing athletes should especially monitor their folate status as studies have shown that exertion during competition can lead to folate level alterations that can result in cardiovascular events (Molina-López et al, 2013). To mitigate such alterations, folic acid supplementations may protect such athletes against them.


Folate Deficiency and Health Implications 

Folate deficiency is a serious concern with a range of health implications. Anaemia, birth defects, and an increased risk of heart disease are some of the potential outcomes. Recognising the symptoms of deficiency, such as fatigue, weakness, and cognitive issues, is crucial. Fortunately, maintaining a folate-rich diet or taking supplements can help prevent these issues.



Vitamin B9, or folate, is a true multitasker when it comes to our health. From supporting mental well-being and heart health to enhancing athletic performance and preventing deficiency-related problems, its influence spans across various life stages and needs. By understanding the importance of folate and making conscious choices to incorporate it into our diets, we can reap its remarkable benefits and lead healthier, more vibrant lives. Remember, when it comes to folate, a little goes a long way in safeguarding our well-being.


DISCLAIMER: This blog is for informational purposes only and does not substitute professional medical advice. If you are folate deficient or have any health condition, always consult with your healthcare provider for personalised medical guidance.



  • Clarke, R. (1998). ‘Lowering blood homocysteine with folic acid based supplements: Meta-analysis of Randomised Trials’, BMJ, 316(7135), pp. 894–898. doi:10.1136/bmj.316.7135.894.
  • Molina-López, J. et al. (2013). ‘Effect of folic acid supplementation on homocysteine concentration and association with training in handball players’, Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 10(1). doi:10.1186/1550-2783-10-10.
  • Watson, S. (2022) Folic acid benefits in pregnancy, WebMD. Available at: https://www.webmd.com/baby/folic-acid-and-pregnancy
  • Young, S. (2007). ‘Folate and depression – a neglected problem’, Journal of Psychiatry Neuroscience, 32(2), pp 80-82
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